Santa maria del trampal

Iglesia de santa maría de piasca

Esta iglesia, que ha sido conocida desde siempre, hasta el punto de que en ella se celebraban algunos oficios religiosos y era destino de una procesión todavía a finales del siglo XIX, no ha sido reconocida por su valor histórico-artístico hasta finales del siglo XX, cuando ya se encontraba en muy mal estado aunque todavía en pie, protegida en cierto modo por los arbustos que la cubrían. En los últimos años se ha estudiado y restaurado y se ha puesto en marcha la creación de un parque arqueológico en su entorno, donde se han encontrado varios restos anteriores a la romanización. Se han encontrado lápidas, inscripciones y epígrafes en este lugar, que ya entonces tenía un carácter religioso y de culto, todos ellos dedicados a la deidad prerromana Ataecina, como se puede ver en las inscripciones existentes en los diversos sillares de este templo, que fueron reutilizados en la construcción de Santa Lucía, probablemente fechada en el siglo VI a.C. Las inscripciones también hacen referencia a la ciudad celtibérica de Turóbriga, que no ha sido localizada hasta ahora.

Mozarabic mass in the basilica of santa lucia del trampal

Its structure is the most complex that has come down to us from the Visigothic period, as if it were a compendium of all the types of churches that were being tried out in the transition period, and includes some special characteristics that would later be reflected in Asturian art, since it consisted of:
Caballero Zoreda, Luis; Sáez Lara, Fernando; Almagro Gorbea, Antonio (1999). The Mozarabic church of Santa Lucía del Trampal. Alcuéscar (Cáceres). Archaeology and Architecture. Junta de Extremadura, Consejería de Cultura, Dirección General de Patrimonio Cultural. ISBN 84-7671-490-4.
CraftsEl carapacho. The visitor can discover the centuries-old manual techniques used to extract this enigmatic bowl from the cork oak, as well as the secrets of its treatment.

Visigothic basilica of santa lucía del trampal, alcuéscar

How to get there: Alcuescar is located next to the route of the Autovía de La Plata (A-66) at 39.9 kilometers from Mérida and 53.3 from Cáceres. From Trujillo it is 48.3 kilometers by the EX381. The distance to Madrid is 308 kilometers and 225 kilometers to Seville. Renfe’s Medium Distance Line 52 connects Mérida and Cáceres with Madrid; Line 74 does the same with Seville. The nearest airport is San Pablo (Seville), 230 kilometers away. The company Autobuses Solís connects Mérida and Cáceres with Alcuescar.
Opening hours of the monument: From June 1 to September 30 from Tuesday to Saturday from 10.00 to 14.00 hours and from 17.00 to 20.00 hours. Sundays from 10.00 to 14.00 hours. From October 1 to May 31, from Tuesday to Saturday from 10.00 to 14.00 hours and from 16.00 to 19.00 hours. Sundays from 10.00 to 14.00 hours. Monday: Closed.

Basilica of santa lucía del trampal (alcuéscar)

The most elementary explanation that has been proposed for this structure of chapels with independent walls is of constructive character; it would be a method that would allow to make independent the slopes of the roofs of the chapels, so that they could have a gable overhang, with which the head of each one would have a triangular headwall; This would avoid forming a roof with very wide gables, which would produce a great difference in height between the central chapel and the lateral ones or would create problems of spillage from the upper roof to the lower ones; in any case, the question has other technical solutions, usually used for roofs of different heights in the basilica naves, so this does not seem to be a conclusive explanation.
The three chapels are completely open towards the crossing arm, without jambs or projecting columns, while in this nave there are six transverse horseshoe arches, one on each side of the chapel entrances, resting on columns attached to the wall; A despoilment, perhaps from the Muslim period, eliminated the columns and left the corresponding cimacios in the air, which were trimmed or tucked in the medieval reform to attach new columns with shafts divided into drums, whose capitals are re-cut in the first piece of each arch, so that their starts and those of the chapels now appear at different heights. The transept is perhaps the most curious element of this church, as the six transverse arches mentioned above delimit seven bays, the three in front of each apse covered by a small tower or pointed roof dome, and the two intermediate ones and the two ends covered with stone vaults. The central apse had a large altar supported by five feet where the mass was celebrated while the lateral apses, with one-legged tables, served as tabernacle and sacristy.

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